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Definitions on the web:
Strike action, also called labour strike, on strike, or simply strike, is a work stoppage caused by the mass refusal of employees to work.
Strikes are sometimes used to put pressure on governments to change policies. Occasionally, strikes destabilise the rule of a particular political party or ruler. Some companies negotiate with the union during a strike; other companies may see a strike as an opportunity to eliminate the union. This is sometimes accomplished by the importation of replacement workers, strike-breakers or "scabs".
Labour unrest is a term used by employers or those generally in the business community to describe organizing and strike actions undertaken by labour unions, especially where labour disputes become violent or where industrial actions in which members of a workforce obstruct the normal process of business and generate industrial unrest are essayed.
Industrial Dispute means any dispute or difference between employer and employees , or between employer and workmen or between workmen and workmen, which is connected with the employment or non employment or the terms of employment or with the conditions of Labour, or any person9. The Scope the definition of Industrial Dispute is very wide. The words employment and non employment in the definition are of widest amplitude and have been but in juxtaposition to make the definition comprehensive. Any dispute concerned with employment or non-employment’ constitute the subject matter of one class or industrial disputes.
There are two types of Industrial Disputes-interest disputes and rights disputes. Interest disputes relate to determination of new wage level and other condition of employment while rights disputes on the other hand relate to interpretation and application of existing standards and usually involve and individual worker or group of workers. Under category of rights disputes, claim is made that the workmen have not been treated in accordance with the rules, individual contracts of employment, laws and regulations and as per collective agreements. Such disputes are also described as grievance disputes. All disputes relating to employment or non- employment, or the terms of employment or with the condition of labour are covered under the definition.
Settlement means a settlement arrived at in the course of conciliation proceeding and included a written agreement between employer and workmen arrived at otherwise than in course conciliation proceeding where such agreement has been signed by the parties there to in such manner as may be prescribed and a copy thereof has been sent to the officer authorized in this behalf by the appropriate government and the conciliation officer.
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